Developmental milestones

Evidence Based Practice Using Prompts to Improve Toilet Training for Children with Physical Disabilities March 30, 2023 by Elena Noble, MPT
For children with multiple disabilities, toilet training is a challenging process. This whitepaper describes the effective use of prompts to shape behaviors and function during the toileting process for successful outcomes in children with physical disabilities.
PT/OT Part 3: The Application of GAS to the IEP Process August 31, 2020 by Sue Cecere, PT, MHS
Best practice in educational goal writing is for a goal to be discipline-free and reflective of meaningful outcomes, not only for the current IEP cycle but looking forward. Given the one variable requirement of GAS, how does this process work when developing team-oriented goals?
PT/OT Part 2: What Is Goal Attainment Scaling? August 12, 2020 by Sue Cecere, PT, MHS
Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) is a client-centric, criterion referenced measure of progress, responsive to minimally significant changes in a specific outcome, whether it be an individual goal or a functional goal.
PT/OT Part 1: Why Goal Attainment Scaling? July 21, 2020 by Sue Cecere, PT, MHS
In March 2017, the Supreme Court ruled on the case of Endrew F. v. Douglas County School District. Endrew F. was a student with autism who for years had made only minimal educational gains under the IEP developed by his school, causing his parents to transfer him to a private school.
PT/OT Encouraging Participation-Based Goals in the School Setting January 21, 2019 by Lori Potts, PT
Physical therapy goals in the school-based practice setting can focus on a variety of areas, including: participation (student’s involvement in a life situation), activity (student’s execution of a task or action) and impairment (i.e. at the level of body structure and function.) For a number of reasons we find that student goals that address participation within the context of school routines...
PT/OT New Webinar on Motor Learning April 17, 2018 by Lori Potts, PT
On April 12, we hosted a webinar, Progressive Gait Training: Motor Learning Strategies and the Research, discussing motor skill acquisition through practice, feedback and prompt reduction. It concluded with a demonstration of the Rifton Pacer and tips for therapeutic and functional use of the Pacer emphasizing the benefits of dynamic support and the reduction of physical assistance to increase...
PT/OT Giving the Gift of Mobility April 25, 2016 by Denise Swensen, PT, DPT
Typically developing children reach most motor milestones in a fairly predictable manner. By six months babies are rolling; by eight months they are creeping on all fours and sitting on their own and by ten-twelve months they are standing and getting ready to take their first steps. During this part of the first year of life, typically developing babies are exploring their environment, interacting with...
PT/OT Adaptive Equipment for Classrooms Series: Part 1 of 3 February 29, 2016 by Gilbert Thomson, PT
This post is the first in a series of articles on the topic of adaptive equipment use in the classroom. Adaptive equipment, used appropriately, serves as a teaching tool for students to learn the motor skills of sitting, standing, and walking, while engaged in the curriculum. This post focuses on active sitting as a motor skill. Adaptive Equipment for Classrooms Series: Part 2 of 3 Adaptive Equipment for...
PT/OT Best Practices for Classroom Prompting February 15, 2016 by Margaret Rice, PT
When teaching children with special needs new skills, therapists and teachers typically provide prompts to guide the process. According to activity-based curriculums, prompts are defined as supports, and may come in many different forms. Prompts are ever changing, depending on the activity. A wide variety of prompts enables special education classroom staff to choose the one or combination that are most...
Stories Heads Up! February 20, 2015 by Lori Potts, PT
Robert Welton Clement arrived on March 25, 2014, fourth son to the family of my sister Jean and her husband Reuel. The birth was unexpectedly difficult, and Robert arrived looking like he might not survive – might, in fact, already be no longer living. But his heartbeat was there, even though he was not breathing. Eighteen agonizing minutes of emergency intervention and innumerable prayers followed...
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